Learning of all paints contain binder, which leads to the formation of the film on the surface. This may be specially processed vegetable oils and synthetic compounds. Binder and solvent determine the type of paint: oil, alkyd, latex and other pigments gives the material the desired color – more only use mineral pigments eestestvennogo or synthetic origin, in particular, ocher, umber, vermilion, and many others. The filler gives the product physical properties: strength, gloss, etc. The structure includes special additives such as antifoam Fire resistant, substances that protect the material from the mold, fungi, etc. A paint can contain up to two dozen components, and how well matched and blended ingredients that directly depends on its quality.
Paints come in different colors Class A, depending on the type of binder and solvent. Identified two major groups of materials: organorastvorimye, or oil, oil-alkyd, and dispersed or water-soluble. Oil paints contain volatile organic solvent evaporated in the drying process, – it may be turpentine, solvent-oil, but only allowed for use in Europe without any restrictions solvent is mineral spirits. The oils act as a binder, in its ability to dry out in a thin layer is divided into drying, poluvysyhayuschie and non-drying. Paints linseed oil have a high degree of filling and low consumption. Oil paint made on the basis of drying oil, the least expensive, but in the interior they are used less and less. Their palette is usually bednovata, they dry up long, while stressing the harmful substances, and after several years of drying oil paint on the losing brightness. Oil paint can be recommended as an economy option for painting woodwork, metal pipes, etc. Oil-alkyd paints offer the best water resistance, and the painted surface has a low water-and vapor-permeable, resistant to mechanical damage and exposure of virtually all detergents. Such products can be used for coloring surfaces exposed to high loads.