The first one has as base the family, already second it becomes related inside with the social function of the individual of the society, that in consequence the hierarchic organizations are created. It is on the basis of these proposals of Lefebvre that the gegrafos guarantee the construction of the concept of geographic space, however on a new interpretation, of form to take care of the scientific necessities of the geographic one. Ahead of this Milton quarrel Saints it considers a concept on geographic space. The geographic space is ‘ ‘ formed for a indissocivel, solidary and also contradictory set, of systems of objects and systems of action, not considered separately, but as the only picture in which the history if of. (SAINTS? 1996). When analyzing the citation above we can notice the presence of the thought of Lefebvre, inside of the concept of Saints, however under a new interpretation.
Milton affirms despite the existing relation between man and the nature have in the technique use main factor of this relation, and still appraises as ‘ ‘ technique is the set of half instruments social, with which the man carries through its life, it produces, and, at the same time it creates espao’ ‘. (Saints -1996). How much to the existing consequences between the relation man/nature, Saints standes out: Everything what it exists in the surface of the land, all the inheritance of natural history and all the result of the action human being who if objectified. The objects are extensive, this objetividade, this that if creates outside of the man and if it becomes material instrument of life. (SANTOS-1996).
Taking as base the citation of SAINTS, we can understand that the geographic space composes all and any activity human being, being physical it as in the case the cities, the valley to stand out is that the man is the only transforming agent of the nature, all this relation between man and nature has as the end item the geographic space. Conclusion the present work had as proposal main the quarrel on construction of the concept of geographic space, analyzing the basic aspects for the development of one of the concepts most important of geography. This article considered an analysis on the existing relations between the man and the nature, whose resulted main it was to the bases for the construction of the geographic social knowledge, valley to stand out despite it is from these existing relations that if the social hierarchy generates having as preponderant factor the function exerted for each individual inside of the society and in consequence it appears the differences social classrooms.